Discover more from ViroLIEgy Newsletter
What A Waste
As usual, a "viral" load of crap.
One thing that became increasingly clear throughout this “pandemic,” and by extension applies to all of virology when one reads the literature, is that they clearly make things up as they go along. In fact, in many cases, the researchers regularly rely on vague and non-comittal language when discussing their own research conclusions. You will find phrases such as “they believe,” “thought to,” “it is likely,” “could be,” “there is a good chance,” and other similar sentiments sprinkled throughout that do not convey a high level of confidence in their own findings by the researchers themselves. Even worse, you will also come across phrases such as “the scientist is unsure,” “he could not rule out,” “his team cannot say for certain,” “while unlikely, it could be possible,” that really help to sell the uncertainty in any of the conclusions that the researchers are attempting to make. In other words, their “scientific” conclusions don't come across as being very conclusive.
A rather hilarious example of this ambiguous creative writing was recently brought to my attention by my friend Lynn Wright. She sent me a Daily Mail article that I want to share in its entirety below that contains all of the best elements of virology's pseudoscientific claims in action. The phrases listed above all come from the article in regard to the findings by the research team. However, before diving into this latest example of virological fan fiction, there is a little bit of housekeeping to do first in order to get the full picture of the sorcery at play.
For starters, the article deals with research stemming from wastewater testing. The research team was led by Dr. Marc Johnson, a microbiologist at the University of Missouri, who claimed to reverse analyze sewage in order to discover what they consider to be the longest ever “SARS-COV-2” infection of over two years. In order to make such a claim, the researchers collected liquid wastewater and sludge from water treatment sites and analyzed samples via PCR to “detect the virus” in the water supply. After analyzing this data, they then claimed that they discovered a newly identified “strain” that belonged to one person.
However, there are issues with this method that need to be addressed. For starters, the sequences claimed to belong to “SARS-COV-2” that they are said to be detecting come from a fraudulently created genome that was assembled into a hypothetical model from the unpurified BALF of one patient containing many sources of RNA. In other words, the RNA used to piece together the genome was never shown to come from purified and isolated particles assumed to be a “virus.” The RNA was of an unknown origin and could have been from many sources. In addition, the PCR testing used to detect these fragments from the sewage was never calibrated and validated to purified and isolated “viral” particles. In fact, in a review on the PCR tesrs, the two most widely used, from the Charité and the CDC, both tested positive on all samples, including negative controls and water. I discussed these issues more in depth in the article “The Show is Over” that is linked at the end.
Beyond these two glaring issues with detecting a fictional computer-generated entity known as “SARS-COV-2,” there are some other problems related to the wastewater method that were outlined in a June 2022 interview with Elena Naumova, chair of the Division of Nutrition Data Sciences and professor at the Friedman School of Nutrition Science and Policy. In this interview, Naumova stated that the sewage testing method is useful only when understanding its caveats. These caveats included challenges with standardization, or a lack of having a process that conforms to one set standard across the board. Without standardization, techniques and technologies can vary, giving different and incompatable results. She noted that wastewater “is a complex and variable mixture, and often contains compounds that can interfere with RNA quantification methods, thereby impeding accurate measurement.” In other words, it is an unpurified mess containing many contaminants and pollutants that disrupt the results obtained.
Another issue was related to the number of people contributing to a given sewershed which changes over time due to various reasons such as travel and the growth or decline in the population, thus making any sort of estimate less accurate. There’s also the need for environmental calibration as the rainwater and industrial discharge can interfere with results. There is even the glaring issue with RNA from dogs, cats, and other animals that are found witthin the mixtures as well. Contaminants of various kinds compromise the interpretation of the samples, making the origin of detected “pathogens” unclear:
Wastewater Surveillance for COVID-19: It’s Complicated
Tufts Now: How does wastewater surveillance work?
“Elena Naumova: In the U.S., samples of liquid wastewater and sludge are collected from about 930 sites at wastewater treatment facilities nationwide. It’s quite an accomplishment to get so many sites and so many coordinating agencies working together! The samples are gathered from sewersheds, which are community areas served by wastewater collection systems, into treatment plants.
The samples are then sent to environmental or public health laboratories to be tested for SARS-CoV-2. Each sample goes through laborious processing to measure the amount of SARS-CoV-2 ribonucleic acid (RNA) it contains. The amount of SARS-CoV-2 RNA in a given sample provides information about how much of the virus is present at a given moment in time.
After processing, the data are analyzed and reported to the Centers for Disease Control and Protection (CDC). In order for viral levels to be compared across sampling locations and over time, the data has to be converted so that it’s normalized by population.”
So, it’s effective—but it’s not a golden ticket to identifying outbreaks, containing the virus, and stopping the pandemic?
It’s complicated. The system is very useful when we understand its caveats.
One challenge is standardization. Wastewater is a complex and variable mixture, and often contains compounds that can interfere with RNA quantification methods, thereby impeding accurate measurement. For each wastewater treatment location and at each step of detecting a virus, all analytical methods must be well-tailored to the particular wastewater mixture. This is a chemically and biologically complex process and involves multiple steps that are difficult to standardize and that require systematic controls.
Another challenge: the number of people contributing to a given sewershed could change over time, whether seasonally (because of tourism and vacations) or weekly (because of work-related commutes or temporary workers). Or there may even be one day when nobody leaves their homes—because of a snowstorm, say. All these factors will affect the amount that people are contributing.
There’s also the need for environmental calibration. Rainwater or industrial discharge can dilute wastewater samples and require adapting testing methodology. Wastewater also contains RNA from dogs, cats, and other animals—all potential hosts for the variant. Contaminants such as animal waste can compromise the interpretation of samples: the origin of detected pathogens may not always be clear.
The issues related to the variability of the RNA in the waste samples as detailed by Elena Naumova were also expressed as a problem in a September 2020 article that looked at tracking “SARS-COV-2” in wastewater. This problem was compounded by the differences in the sewage systems, including their size, how they are configured, and whether they include rainwater and industrial discharge. The article claimed that the “viral” RNA, which is known to be highly unstable and will even degrade within half-an-hour at room temperature, can somehow survive the various temperatures and chemicals of the sewage system in order to make it to the water treatment plant intact. It is stated that “coronaviruses” love the sewage so it isn't a problem to detect them within these samples (because it's a load of BS). Once collected, the researchers extract the “viral” RNA from the sludge and then use RT-PCR to quantify targets of the fragments taken from the fraudulent genome:
Tracking COVID-19 with wastewater
“After excretion in feces, the viruses are diluted first in toilet water and then in other municipal wastewater constituents, including graywater (for example, from showers and washing machines) and, in some cases, industrial wastewaters and storm waters. The viruses and their RNA travel through complex sewage systems and can be exposed to different temperatures and chemicals. Viral RNA appears to be stable over the temperatures and time frames involved in travel through the sewage system and settlement in primary wastewater treatment11. The signals from the small RNA regions that are targeted in SARS-Cov-2 PCR methods (~100 bases) are likely to long outlast the intact virions and RNA genomes.
It is not currently possible to directly convert concentrations of viral RNA in wastewater to disease prevalence in a community. First, the biological variability in viral RNA excretion over time and between individuals creates problems in this estimate. This variability is then compounded by variability in the sewer systems across communities, particularly their size, configuration, and whether they include stormwater and industrial waste. However, longitudinal trends of SARS-CoV-2 RNA levels in wastewater can still be helpful in complementing traditional surveillance methods to understand trends in community transmission.
Most early studies of SARS-CoV-2 RNA in wastewater have focused on wastewater influent — water that enters the treatment plant. In contrast, Peccia et al. collected daily samples from sludge, the solids that settle during the first steps of municipal wastewater treatment. After extracting nucleic acids directly from small volumes of mixed sludge samples, the authors used reverse transcription quantitative PCR (RT-qPCR) to quantify both the N1 and N2 gene targets of SARs-CoV-2. They detected SARS-CoV-2 RNA in all collected samples, with concentrations ranging from 1.7 × 103 to 4.6 × 105 virus RNA copies per milliliter of primary sludge. Compared to non-enveloped viruses, coronaviruses have an affinity for wastewater solids12; therefore, sludge monitoring at the community scale may offer greater sensitivity and less sample variance compared with wastewater influent monitoring.”
Hopefully with this little introductory primer, it is clear to see that this method of “tracking a virus” by sewage is nothing but impure pseudoscientific fantasy. There is no way that the researchers can claim that the RNA being sequenced was from a single source with so many pollutants and contaminants present within the wastewater. However, that does not stop them from trying. You will see some very interesting claims about what the generation of this data means in the below article which will be discussed in more detail afterwards so as to not spoil the fun. 😉
EXCLUSIVE: Scientists launch manhunt for 'longest ever' Covid patient in Ohio who has been infected for two YEARS - as they warn patient's virus is so mutated it could spark 'concerning' outbreak
Scientists are trying to track down an Ohio resident who they believe is the longest-standing Covid patient ever, DailyMail.com can reveal.
The patient - thought to live in the Columbus area - is carrying a highly mutated version of the virus that is 'unlike anything' experts have seen.
The virus has been detected through wastewater sampling and traced back to early 2021. It is being repeatedly picked up along a 40-mile area, signaling that one person is carrying and shedding it through their stool.
Dr Marc Johnson, a microbiologist at the University of Missouri, warned the mutations the strain has would be serious enough to make it a 'variant of concern' if it began circulating in the population.
The man's Covid strain has evolved significantly differently than existing strains such as the Omicron and Delta variants that the population is familiar with. Pictured: A viral 'tree' the shows how different versions of Covid have evolved. Clustered in the center (blue arrow) are familiar variants that have circulated across the world. Within these strains, there are thousands, if not millions, of mutations differentiating them. The unknown Ohio person's strain (red line) has mutated totally separately, though. It's viral makeup is greatly different than that of other versions of the virus, and its evolutionary chain is linear — without thousands of branching paths. This indicates that the strain is only circulating in a single person.
A person in Ohio has been infected with Covid for over two years. Researchers found that they regularly commute from the small city of Washington Court House around 40 miles northeast to Columbus, Ohio. It is likely they live in Washington and work or go to school in Columbus.
Dr Johnson believes the strain is being shed by the same person who regularly commutes between Columbus and Washington Court House.
The scientist is unsure whether the person is contagious or how they have managed to stay infected so long.
Patients who harbor viruses for exceptionally long periods of time often have weakened immune systems, which means their body struggles to clear the virus. Many scientists believe the Alpha, Delta and Omicron variants all emerged this way.
Dr Johnson is, however, convinced the patient is healthy and may travel for work or school, but he could not rule out a chronically ill person who commutes for hospital care. His team cannot say for certain that it is just one patient, either.
The Missouri team has been analyzing Covid samples from sewage across the US in search of 'cryptic' Covid strains — new variants of the virus that have emerged with unknown origins.
The technique was used as a tool throughout the pandemic. Because the virus shows up in stool before someone suffers symptoms, wastewater data could help detect where outbreaks were going to emerge days in advance.
'We reverse analyze [wastewater] to see if anything in there that doesn't match any lineages,' Dr Johnson told DailyMail.com.
'Very early on there was this [sample] that was different than anything we had seen,' he continued.
Late last year, his team began to scan wastewater data from Ohio.
He found the virus in Columbus, the state's largest city of nearly 1 million, and in Washington Court House, a small city of just 15,000 just southwest.
This same lineage has not been detected anywhere else to his knowledge. This specific pattern likely means the person lives in Washington Court House and commutes to Columbus.
It could be for work, but the patient could also be a student, as Columbus is home to Ohio State University — which has more than 66,000 students.
It is unclear how the person has harbored the virus for so long, but it is likely the virus has mutated within him to cause little complications.
The longest confirmed Covid case was logged by British doctors in April of last year when they confirmed a patient had been infected for 505 days — nearly a year and a half.
Overall, there are likely only a few thousand people that meet these guidelines, a relatively small group to be sifted through.
This strain has mutated within this person over time. It has mutated to such a degree that it likely carries traits greatly different from any existing strain — meaning it poses a danger if it spreads.
'If this was circulating, it would immediately be declared a variant of concern,' Dr Johnson said.
However, the virus has likely mutated within this person to the extent that it is not fit to spread.
Instead, the virus has managed to adjust itself in a way that it can live within its host for a long period of time while going relatively undetected.
It is likely a version of the Alpha or Wuhan strain that has significantly mutated within his body.
The virus has managed to hide in the person's body to replicate infinitely without the immune system targeting it.
This can occur when the virus reaches 'immuno-privileged sites' in the body, where the immune system is unlikely to target. These can include the eyes, brain and fertility organs like the testes.
But while unlikely, it could be possible that the virus gains a few mutations necessary for it to begin to spread in the population.
The patient is also likely asymptomatic or potentially experiencing symptoms similar to a bowel condition like Chron's disease — where sufferers experience cramping and diarrhea.
'There is a good chance they do not know they are affected,' he continued.
Dr Johnson hopes to find this patient to first get them medical attention but also to gather samples he can use to learn more about the cryptic strain.
His team has been able to track down the holders of cryptic Covid lineages in the past.
In Spring 2022, Dr Johnson found a cryptic strain in Wisconsin. The afflicted person was shedding viral load at an exorbitant rate.
His team tested water in manholes in the area, and managed to track down where the load was coming from.
In late Summer 2022, they linked the strain to a toilet at a specific building, which employed many people who were coming to work each day. One of those employees is carrying the cryptic strain, Dr Johnson believes.
The business has agreed to allow Dr Johnson to collect stool samples from some employees to determine which one is carrying the strain.
The typical Covid case lasts for only a few days — and the maximum time someone should expect to be sick is two weeks.
However, many people have experienced prolonged symptoms after Covid infection — some being diagnosed with the mysterious condition 'long Covid'.
Dr Johnson fears that in some of these cases, a person is continuing to feel these symptoms because they are actually just suffering a continued infection.
Wasn't that a fun piece of pseudoscientific fiction? Based on the testing of wastewater in Ohio, Dr. Marc Johnson and his team are on the hunt for a mystery person who they claim has been infected for over two years. They think that this person lives in the Washington Court House area near northeast Columbus, but they are uncertain. They believe that this person commutes to either work or school, but they are uncertain. The researchers believe that this person is most likely asymptomatic, but may potentially suffer from gastrointestinal problems, thus they are uncertain. Dr. Johnson is convinced that this person is healthy, but he could not rule out someone who is chronically ill, thus he is uncertain. While the team believes that it is a single person, it could be more than one individual, thus they are uncertain. Seeing a theme yet?
They do not know whether this person is contagious or not. They believe that this person has been walking around and unknowingly spreading a highly mutated version of the “virus” over a 40 mile radius. This mutated strain is one that would be an immediate “variant of concern” if it was detected out in the wild and not only found in the feces infested waters of Ohio. However, they think that the “virus” has mutated within this mystery person to the point that it no longer affects them and is not fit to spread to the general public. It is claimed that the “virus” has somehow managed to hide within the person's body and evade the immune system. It has been given the immuno-privileged status and thus, the body's bouncers ignore it. Somehow, it continues to replicate and find its way out of the mystery person's bowels and into the sewage system. In other words, this is one magical and crafty little “virus.”
What we can take away from this crappy situation is that the researchers are not chasing any “viruses” at all. They are chasing hypothetical fragments found in human, animal, chemical, environmental and other waste materials that mixed together into an unpurified soup. Sound familiar? They are chasing molecular ghosts and coming away with nothing. Even in Dr. Johnson's previous case, where he supposedly tracked the “virus” to a toilet at a residential business in Wisconsin, he could not identify the “infected” person that worked there:
Scientists hope viruses hiding out in patients hold answers to long COVID
“After months of sampling effluent, the University of Missouri School of Medicine microbiologist found exactly where the mutants originated: from a regular user of restrooms at a specific Wisconsin business. Although unable to identify that individual, Johnson could still see from genetic data that viral particles were being freshly made and expelled for more than a year — many times longer than a typical two-week coronavirus infection.”
All they are doing is playing a game of molecular “Whose poo is it?” while coming up empty at every turn. The researchers are relying solely on genomic data in an attempt to catch an invisible “virus” from a seemingly non-existent patient zero. Meanwhile, these molecular virologists were warned by virologist Charles Calisher and the old guard of virology in the early 2000s not to be overly reliant on their new molecular toys:
Old Guard Urges Virologists To Go Back to Basics
“The message to the younger generation, with its sleek polymerase chain reaction (PCR) robots, DNA sequencers, and high-speed computers: Without bricks-and-mortar virology, it will be much harder to understand and fight the next dangerous class that comes along.
“We may be old farts, but I think we have something important to say,” says Charles Calisher, 64, a virologist at Colorado State University in Fort Collins, who drafted the paper. Slated to be printed in the July/August issue of Emerging Infectious Diseases, it was posted online(*) last week.
Calisher has been worrying for years about the wholesale takeover by modern lab toys, fearing that the genetic code they spit out sheds much less light on a class’s workings than “classic” methods. Many senior scientists (some quite a bit younger) share his views: The 14 signatories include some of the most illustrious names in U.S. virology. Together, they have many decades of experience chasing exotic classes across the globe.”
“Nowadays, scientists can detect a virus simply by searching for and amplifjhg snippels of its DNA in human or animal samples. Indeed, they have identified and described quite a few new viruses without ever isolating them.“
“Although all that is terrific, says Calisher, a string of DNA letters in a data bank tells little or nothing about how a virus multiplies, which animals carry it, how it makes people sick, or whether antibodies to other viruses might protect against it. Just studying sequences, Calisher says, is “like trying to say whether somebody has bad breath by looking at his fingerprints.“
Calisher stated that just the analysis of genomic data tells researchers little to nothing about the “virus” that they believe that they have discovered. He said that just studying sequences was akin to “trying to say whether somebody has bad breath by looking at his fingerprints.” In other words, the analysis of genomic data alone is meaningless. This sentiment was backed up by Edward R. Dougherty, the Scientific Director of the Center for Bioinformatics and Genomic Systems Engineering. Dougherty stated that the accumulation of data, as well as the analysis of this data, does not constitute science. He argued that contemporary genomic research often failed to produce valid scientific knowledge:
On the Epistemological Crisis in Genomics
“High-throughput technologies such as gene-expression microarrays have lead to the accumulation of massive amounts of data, orders of magnitude in excess to what has heretofore been conceivable. But the accumulation of data does not constitute science, nor does the a postiori rational analysis of data.”
“Here we focus on how the experimental method leads to a general scientific epistemology and how contemporary genomic research often fails to satisfy the basic requirements of that epistemology, thereby failing to produce valid scientific knowledge.”
With all of this amazing technology that allows the researchers to piece together a “variant” from poop (amongst other contaminants), they were unable to find their “patient zero” in both cases. The “virus” and the victims remain hypothetical and have never been shown to exist in reality. When the ultimate outcome of the manhunt, fueled by the genomic analysis of wastewater, leads the researchers directly to toilets, it is safe to say that no scientific knowledge was aquired by these endeavors. The only knowledge gained was that this research was nothing but a monumental waste of time.
For more on the fraudulent genome and PCR results, please see this article:highlighted ten lies about AIDS as listed by Etienne de Harvin. cobtinues to put together important pieces of information that destory the “viral” narrative, supplying evidence this time that no proper controls were performed when obtaining the “SARS-COV-2” genome. shared an excellent excerpt from Dr. Mark Bailey's “A Farewell to Virology” detailing the reason why the lab leak theory has no legs. gave an entertaining look at how colloidal nanoparticles, said to be within the vaccines, can damage one's health. provided an extremely important look at how many disease outbreaks that are claimed to be caused by pathogens can be linked to environmental toxins and poisoning as a cover-up.